Non Small Cell Lung Cancer

Multicenter phase II trial of Genexol-PM, a novel Cremophor-free, polymeric micelle formulation of paclitaxel, with cisplatin in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer

Abstract

Background: Genexol-PM is a novel Cremophor EL (CrEL)-free polymeric micelle formulation of paclitaxel (Taxol). This multicenter phase II study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of Genexol-PM and cisplatin for the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Patients and methods: Patients with advanced NSCLC received Genexol-PM 230 mg/m2 and cisplatin 60 mg/m2 on day 1 of a 3-week cycle as first-line therapy. Intrapatient dose escalation of Genexol-PM to 300 mg/m2 was carried out from the second cycle if the prespecified toxic effects were not observed after the first cycle.

Results: Sixty-nine patients were enrolled in this study. Overall response rate was 37.7%. The median time to progression was 5.8 months and the median survival period was 21.7 months. The major non-hematologic toxic effects included grade 3 peripheral sensory neuropathy (13.0%) and grade 3/4 arthralgia (7.3%). Four patients (5.8%) experienced grade 3/4 hypersensitivity reactions. The major hematological toxic effects were grade 3/4 neutropenia (29.0% and 17.4%, respectively).

Conclusion: Genexol-PM plus cisplatin combination chemotherapy showed significant antitumor activity. The use of CrEL-free, polymeric micelle formulation of paclitaxel allowed administration of higher doses of paclitaxel compared with the CrEL-based formulation without significant increased toxicity.

Key words: chemotherapy, Genexol-PM, non-small-cell lung cancer, phase II


Brand Name: PAXUS™ PM (South East Asia), GENEXOL® PM (Korea & other territories)